A multi-site model evaluation project for urban areas

Phase 2 Phase 1 Download project protocol
Mathew Lipson (UNSW), Sue Grimmond (Reading), Martin Best (Met Office),
with observational and modelling participants.

Site locations


Observations groups have supplied 20 flux tower datasets over a wide range of built environments. Together this representes 50 years of observed data. Additionally each site includes ten year spin-up and gap-filling applied for this project using bias-corrected ERA5 data.

Data described in the paper: Harmonized gap-filled datasets from 20 urban flux tower sites

Data accessible to download from: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7104984

Cite information used from these pages as:

Lipson, M., Grimmond, S., Best, M., Chow, W. T. L., Christen, A., Chrysoulakis, N., Coutts, A., Crawford, B., Earl, S., Evans, J., Fortuniak, K., Heusinkveld, B. G., Hong, J.-W., Hong, J., Järvi, L., Jo, S., Kim, Y.-H., Kotthaus, S., Lee, K., Masson, V., McFadden, J. P., Michels, O., Pawlak, W., Roth, M., Sugawara, H., Tapper, N., Velasco, E., and Ward, H. C.: Harmonized gap-filled datasets from 20 urban flux tower sites, Earth System Science Data, 14, 5157–5178, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-14-5157-2022, 2022.

Site list

Notes: US-Minneapolis is split into two sites based on wind direction to account for different land cover within the eddy covariance footprint. SG-TelokKurau has two periods, one used in model evaluation, and another in the openly available flux tower dataset (SG-TelokKurau06).

Site characteristics summary